China vows to uphold climate pact after United States pullout

Within the USA, states, governors, cities and industries are committed to creating a low-carbon economy, groups like C40 Cities.

Mr Bainimarama was convinced Washington would rejoin the Paris Agreement, saying the scientific evidence of man-made climate change was well understood.

Former president Barack Obama condemned his successor's decision, saying the USA had joined "a small handful of nations that reject the future".

Secretariat of the GSIA, and CEO of the UK Sustainable Investment and Finance Association, Simon Howard, said: "Climate change is the gravest threat to mankind's future and the Paris Agreement is the best hope for global mitigation".

"On the contrary. We in Germany, Europe and the world will combine our forces more resolutely than ever to address and successfully tackle challenges for humanity such as climate change". "This decision is an immoral assault on the public health, safety and security of everyone on this planet".

New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio and Boston Mayor Marty Walsh also showed support by lighting up their city halls.

Deon Terblanche, head of the WMO's Atmospheric Research and Environment Department, said the figure was an estimate, since no climate models had been run to gauge the likely impact of the decision announced by US President Donald Trump on Thursday.

"Today's decision is a setback for the environment and for the U.S.'s leadership position in the world", Goldman Sachs Chief Executive Lloyd Blankfein wrote on Twitter.

"This is a responsibility shouldered by China as a responsible major country and what China's development calls for", she said.

"There is no reverse gear to the energy transition", said Juncker.

Spokespeople for other extractive oil and mining groups, like the National Mining Association and the American Fuel & Petrochemicals Manufacturers, declined to comment on Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris accord.

One obvious victor from the repudiation of the agreement is Donald Trump, many of whose supporters will cheer his fulfillment of a campaign pledge and his assertion of American determination to go its own way.

He added that while cities and states can clearly implement their own policy standards, the ultimate decision comes down to the people.

In the United Kingdom, the CBI said the decision was disappointing and said British businesses' investment and innovation would put them "at the heart of delivering a low-carbon economy". He said they "will bet on the green economy, because the green economy is the good economy, it is the economy of the future".

A plume of steam billows from the coal-fired Merrimack Station in Bow, N.H.

"We deem the momentum generated in Paris in December 2015 irreversible and we firmly believe that the Paris Agreement can not be renegotiated since it is a vital instrument for our planet, societies and economies", said Chancellor Angela Merkel, President Emmanuel Macron, and Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni.

"We are getting out, but we will start to negotiate, and we will see if we can make a deal that's fair. And if we can't, that's fine", he said.

To meet the emissions reductions commitments agreed to in the Paris Accord, local and state governments will have to wean themselves off fossil fuel use and rapidly adopt clean energy.

A small group of skeptics - some of whom are in the Trump White House - believe this is a hoax and one that could be damaging to business. But there are contradictions in the energy policy because of its support by the nuclear power industry and large consumers of energy.

But as anyone who has followed Conservative politics can tell you, the party isn't a fan of climate action.